• 使用說明:

          考研幫對張劍、新東方、何凱文、陳正康等模卷英語一大作文部分進行數據統計分析,從以上名師所押大作文的主題類型主線著手,列出最高頻Top7押題主題,并圍繞這些主題為大家分享相關觀點論述及作文范文。

          標紅部分為重點詞匯,考研er需重點記憶,范文則可根據有下劃線標識的文章框架部分著重進行記憶。

    Top 1:職業素養與必備素質專題 押題統計:張劍、新東方、何凱文
    相關表述
    1、創新       Sheer investment of time and energy has become an outdated way of work.
          純粹投入時間和精力的工作方式早已過時了。
          If we review the history of human civilization, we shall find that pursuit of efficiency is the driving force (推動力)behind many inventions.
          如果我們回顧人類文明的歷史,就會發現追求效率是很多發明背后的推動力。
          A feasible new idea is able to help us greatly save labor and improve efficiency (極大地節約勞力、提高效率).
          一個可行的新想法能幫助我們極大地節約勞力和提高效率。
          Routines are always precious experiences (寶貴的經驗), but sometimes we have to break the routine(打破常規) to find more appropriate ways to be in line with (符合)the actual reality.
          慣例常常是寶貴的經驗,但有時我們需要打破常規,尋找更符合現狀的、更恰當的方式。
          Even the most advanced methods will drop behind (落伍)one day, and even the wisest mind will be the obstacle to new things if it is confined by (受…禁錮) a certain mode.
          再先進的方法,終究會有落伍的時候;再智慧的頭腦,一旦被一種模式禁錮,也會成為阻撓新事物產生的頑石。
          Only when we don’t stick to (拘泥于) inherent routines and be diligent in thinking and innovating can we make a brand new life.
          我們只有不拘泥于固有套路,勤于思考,努力創新,才會打造出全新的生活。
    2、善于思考、打破教條、考慮現狀       Likewise, dogmatic beliefs, inconsistent with (與…不符)empirical reality, would impede individuals from (阻礙)achieving their goals.
          同理,與經驗現實不符的教條觀念會阻礙人們打成目標。
          To break from the blinkered (思想狹隘的)mindset of dogmatism, one should tune into (注意,了解)what’s going on and keep in rhythm with (保持與…節奏一致)changes in daily living.
          要打破教條主義的狹隘思想,就要了解周遭正發生著什么,與日常生活中的變化保持節奏一致。
          Meanwhile, it is imperative to approach alternative views with an open mind rather than becoming a prisoner of your own myopic (目光短淺的)mental model.
          同時,須以開放的思想對待各種不同觀點,勿做短淺自我思維之囚。
    3、腳踏實地、采取有效行動       When looking for a job or pursuing other goals, young people tend to aim high, but not put their thoughts into action (好高騖遠,沒有付諸行動).
          在找工作或者追求其他目標時,年輕人往往好高騖遠,而不將自己的想法付諸行動。
          What’s worse, they are beginning to adopt a cynical attitude (憤世嫉俗的態度)towards life, complaining about unfairness brought upon them.
          更糟糕的是,他們會因此產生憤世嫉俗的生活態度,抱怨生活對他們的種種不公。
          The unwillingness to take effective measures for the dream may lead to permanent failure in one’s personal and even affect the development of a country.
          不愿為實現夢想而采取有效行動不僅會導致自己人生的永遠失敗,甚至會影響整個國家的發展。
    4、調查研究       Before taking actions ,we should do adequate investigation so as to have a definite object in view and then choose the most suitable way. Otherwise, our efforts will be futile (無效的,無用的).
          我們在做事之前要做好充分的調查研究,才能有的放矢,選擇最恰當的方式做事。否則,我們將會徒勞無功,一無所獲。
          Any success depends upon previous preparations, and without such preparation there is sure to be failure.
          凡事預則立不預則廢。
          To avoid the embarrassing (令人尷尬的)situation of “milking the bull”, we should keep in mind that advance investigation is absolutely necessary. Our endeavor will pay off (取得成功)only when we are moving toward the right direction guided by the result of our research.
          為了避免類似于“公牛擠奶”的尷尬情景發生,我們應當謹記:調查研究必不可少。只有在調查結果的指引下,選對了方向,我們的努力才能得到回報。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the drawing briefly,
          2) explain its intended meaning,and
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          In the picture, there are five men who are pushing blocks. Among them, four are working hard on square ones, and other one is working with ease on a round one. The men working on the round block is way ahead of the rest. Behind him there are some scrapes and a knife stuck into the ground. Obviously, he has cut his square block with the knife into what is now a ball.
          The picture is trying to tell us that it is not enough to work hard. One needs to work smart. Many jobs do not just need strength and labor, but need ingenuity (獨創性), too. Sheer investment of time and energy has become an outdated way of work. Actually, to accomplish a lot of work in a short time is the dream of humans from the very beginning. If we review the history of human civilization,we shall find that pursuit of efficiency is the driving force (推動力)behind many inventions. We’ve invented the wheel to travel faster. We’ve invented the computer to achieve rapid calculation. And we’ve invented the Internet to make the globe a small village.
           In the age of innovation and rapid technological advances, many jobs do not need as much strength and labor as they used to. A feasible new idea is able to help us greatly save labor and improve efficiency. Just as the caption says, “Be not just diligent;be also ingenious in your work!”
    精彩翻譯
          如圖所示,五個人正在推物體,他們中有四個人在努力推動方形塊,另一個人很輕松地推動一個圓形塊,并且遙遙領先。在他身后的地面上有一點碎屑和一個工具。很明顯,他用工具將方形塊變成了圓形。
          這幅圖試圖告訴我們僅僅努力工作是不夠的,一個人需要聰明地工作。很多工作不僅需要力量和勞動力,同樣也需要獨創力。單純的投入時間和精力的工作方式已經過時了。實際上,短時間內完成工作是人類最初的夢想。如果我們回顧人類文明的歷史,就會發現追求效率是很多發明背后的推動力。人類發明了輪子來快速運輸,發明了電腦以實現快速計算,發明了電腦將世界變成一個地球村。
          在這個技術進步迅速的時代,大多數工作不像以前需要枯燥的體力勞動。一個可行的新想法能通過提升效率為我們節約寶貴的時間。正如標題所說:“工作中不僅要勤勞,更要有獨創性!”
    Top 2:社會民風專題 押題統計:張劍、新東方、何凱文、陳正康
    相關表述
    1、共享單車       The advent of bike-sharing has greatly changed the way people travel. It not only improves people’s travel efficiency, but also lowers the cost (降低成本)of one’s trip to a certain extent.
          共享單車的出現極大地改變了人們的出現方式。它不僅提高了人們的出行效率,而且在一定程度上降低了出行成本。
          Last but least, conception of bike-sharing makes it possible for us to lead a healthy and active lifestyle because it is an environment-friendly (環境友好型)means of transportation.
          最后同樣重要的是,共享單車的理念使我們可能擁有健康積極的生活方式,因為它是一種環保的交通工具。
           It is highly recommended (強烈建議) that the sharing bike providers give a better management to their bike-sharing system. It can be expected that bicycle-sharing system will play a contributing and constructive role in urban public transportation.
          我們強烈建議共享單車供應商為其共享系統提供更好的管理。可以預期,共享單車系統將在城市公共交通中起到積極的建設性作用。
          Shared bikes have been seized upon (抓住,利用)by commuters (通勤者)as a cheap and convenient way to navigate congested cities.
          共享單車被通勤的人們當做一種便宜、方便的方式來應對交通堵塞問題。
          But recently there has been mounting (逐漸增加的)complaints over an accumulation of millions of shared bikes on city streets. Bikes are often broken down or left haphazardly (隨意地)parked by users outside of designated zones, which have seriously influenced citizens’ life.
          但是最近對城市機頭成千上萬的共享單車的抱怨越來越多。共享單車常常被破壞,或者被用戶隨意停靠在指定區域之外,嚴重影響了市民的生活。
          What’s worse, safety issues have also arisen, including the reported death of a primary school student who was struck by a bus when he was riding a shared bike.
          更糟糕的是,安全問題也日益浮現,其中包括曾經報道的一個小學生騎共享單車時被撞身亡的事故。
          To tackle (處理)these problems, all aspects of the city should make concerted efforts (齊心協力). Authorities should take actions to tighten controls on parking of bikes, devise systems to penalize offenders and develop standards (制定標準)on maintenance and bicycle life spans.
          為了解決這些問題,城市的各方面必須齊心協力。官方機構應當采取措施,加強對自行車停放的管理,制定規定懲罰破壞者,制定車輛維護和使用期限保準。
    2、傳統道德       For thousands of years, it has been considered a social responsibility and behavioral norm (行為規范)to respect the elder in China.
          幾千年來,尊老在中國被看做是一種社會責任和行為規范。
          There is no doubt that traditional morality, as a national spirit, is a valuable contribution to social harmony and progress and thus should be advocated and promoted in modern times.
          毫無疑問,作為一種民族精神,傳統道德對社會進步與和諧有著可貴的貢獻。因此在現代社會也應受到提倡和發揚。
    3、信任危機       First and foremost, people will be deprived of (被剝奪)much since they become over-cautions and feel insecure all the time. Besides, a lack of trust is detrimental to personal relationships since “ Trust is the glue of life. It’s the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It’s the foundation principle that holds all relationships.” Last but not least, people’s loss of trust in the government could intensify social contradictions (加劇社會矛盾).
          首先,人們時刻小心謹慎,沒有安全,因此被剝奪了許多樂趣。此外,缺乏信任對人際關系有害,因為“信任是生活的粘合劑。它是有效溝通的最重要的因素。它是維系所有關系的基本原則。”最后應特別指出的是,人們對政府失去信任會加劇社會矛盾。
          Therefore, it is high time that (正是......的時候)we called on all sides to deal with the trust crisis. For one thing, the government should make great efforts to promote a credibility system. For another, the mass media should also play a positive role in restoring mutual trust among people.
          因此,現在匯聚各方力量應對信任危機正當其時。一方面,政府應當著力推薦誠信體系建設。另一方面,大眾媒體也應該在恢復人與人之間的相互信任方面發揮積極作用。
    4、就醫之專家號       People tend to believe that experts are more professional, that prestigious experts can always make faster and better diagnosis and treatment.
          人們往往認為專家更加專業,覺得知名專家總是能給予更快、更好的診斷和治療。
          This, in my opinion, not only wastes people’s time, but also takes up the precious medical resources (占用寶貴醫療資源).
          在我看來,這種做法不僅浪費了人們的時間,還占用了寶貴的醫療資源。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the pictures briefly,
          2) interpret the intended meaning,and
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          In the set of picture above, suspecting (懷疑)the vegetables for sale aren’t green food, a woman turns her back on the seller; doubting the credibility of advice from a self-claimed expert dressed as a doctor, an old man turns away; a young man casts doubt on (懷疑)an officer who takes an oath of integrity. The underlying meaning of the drawings can be elaborated in terms of loss of trust among people.
          There was a time when doors were left unlocked at night and no one pocketed anything found on the road. However, with the development of the society, people increasingly distrust each other. For example, fearing to be mistaken for offenders, few people would offer assistance to the aged people who fall down on the street because of seizures (突然發作)or injury. This crisis of trust in our society will bring many unfavorable consequences. First and foremost, people will be deprived of much fun since they become overcautious and feel insecure all the time. Besides, a lack of trust is detrimental to personal relationships since “ Trust is the glue of life. It’s the most essential ingredient in effective communication. It’s the foundational principle that holds all relationships. ” Last but not the least, people’s loss of trust in the government could intensify social contradictions.
           Therefore, it is high time that we called on all sides to deal with the trust crisis. For one thing, the government should make great efforts to promote a credibility system. For another, the mass media should also pay a positive role in restoring mutual trust among people.
    精彩翻譯
          在上面的一組圖畫中,一位女士懷疑攤販出售的蔬菜不是綠色食品而轉身離開;一位老人懷疑醫生模樣并自稱是專家的人所提供的咨詢的可信度而轉身離開;一位年輕人對做出廉政誓言宣告的官員產生了懷疑。這些畫面體現了人與人之間信任的缺失。
          曾幾何時,人們夜不閉戶,路不拾遺。然而隨著社會的發展,人們越來越不信任彼此。例如,由于害怕被誤認為是侵害者,很少有人幫助因發病或受傷而摔在街上的老年人。我們社會的這種信任危機將會帶來許多不利影響。首先,人們時刻小心謹慎,沒有安全感,因此被剝奪了許多樂趣。此外,缺乏信任對人際關系有害,因為“信任是生活的粘合劑。它是有效溝通的最重要的因素。它是維系所有關系的基本原則。”最后應特別指出的是,人們對政府失去信任會加劇社會矛盾。
          因此,現在,匯聚各方力量應對信任危機正當其時。一方面,政府應當著力推進誠信體系建設。另一方面,大眾媒體也應該在恢復人與人之間的相互信任方面發揮積極作用。
    Top 3:教育專題 押題統計:新東方、何凱文
    相關表述
    1、補習班       As the saying goes, all work and no play makes Jack a dull boy . Children should be allowed to have a break from time to time and plan their leisure time as they like.
          常言道,只工作不玩耍,聰明的孩子也變傻。應該允許孩子們時不時地休息,按自己的喜好安排空閑時間。
          A blind search for tutors for children sometimes only turns out to be (成為)a blunder.
          盲目地讓孩子上補習班有時會變成一個錯誤。
    2、大學教師:科研or教學?       From my standpoint, teaching should prevail over (勝過)other aspects in that education is fundamental to the progress of our country. The prosperity of a nation depends on the development of education.
          在我看來,教學應重于其他方面因為教育是國家進步的基礎。一個民族的繁榮昌盛與否取決于教育的發展。
          Of all the elements of success in our career, none is more important than education. It is not genius but the knowledge that makes the difference between success and failure.
          事業取得成功的所有要素中,教育是最重要的。成功與失敗之間的區別,在于知識,而非天賦。
    3、對待知識的態度        As a matter of fact , with each passing day, modern society urges us to increase our studies and to remain open to new knowledge at all times. Only in this way can we maintain pace with (跟上…步伐)rapid social development. Otherwise, sooner or later, we will be weeded out (淘汰).
          事實上,現代社會每天都在敦促我們不斷充電,隨時準備學習新知識。只有這樣,我們才能跟上社會快速發展的步伐。否則遲早會被淘汰。
          All in all , we should always bear in mind (牢記)that one is never too “full” to learn.
          總之,我們應時刻牢記:知識用不滿,學習不能歇。
    4、大學生就業實用技能       Being an academic institution itself, an university should place far more emphasis on practical experience than scholarly education.
          作為學術機構的大學應該更加重視社會實踐,而不是學術教育。
          It is widely acknowledged that (普遍認為)the only way out is to energize school management and cultivate students’ ability. For one thing, universities can set some employment-related courses. For another, students should have more social practice (社會實踐)off campus.
          ?現在人們普遍認為,目前唯一的出路是加強學校的管理并培養學生的能力。一方面,大學可以開設一些與就業相關的課程。另一方面,學生應該有更多的校外實習經驗。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the drawing briefly,
          2) interpret its intended meaning, and then
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          It is vividly depicted in the carton that a newly-graduated student stands outside the gate of a university, holding a graduation certificate, naked. The cartoon implies that the student has leaned nothing during the four years’ study and now he seems to feel helpless and the only thing he can do is to use the certificate to cover up his body.
          The cartoon subtly (微妙地)conveys the message that our educational system does not help college students meet the social needs. Many students, who have learned nothing practical in college years, are unable to support themselves after graduation.One cause of this embarrassing situation may lie in the deficiency of pre-employment education in university. Being an academic institution itself, a university should place far more emphasis on practical experience than scholarly education. Another is that students do not focus their attention on study but on online games and campus love. They have wasted the time that should have been spent on academic study, let alone social practice.
          It is widely acknowledged that the only way out is to energize school management and cultivate students’ ability. For one thing, universities can set some employment-related courses. For another, students should have more social practice (社會實踐)off campus. Only in this way can students leave school equipped with more useful skills, and consequently they will not feel nervous and stressed for their future.
    精彩翻譯
          這幅漫畫生動地描繪了一位剛畢業的大學生赤身裸體地站在校門前,手里拿著畢業證書的情形。這幅圖表明這名學生在大學四年里什么都沒學到,而此刻的他茫然無助,唯一能做的就是用證書遮掩自己的身體。
          這幅漫畫微妙地傳達了這樣的信息:我們的教育體制并不能幫助大學生滿足社會需求。許多學生在大學期間沒有學到任何實用的技能,因此畢業后無法養活自己。造成這種尷尬的原因之一是大學缺乏職前教育。作為學術機構的大學應該更加重視社會實踐,而不是學術教育。另一個原因是一些學生沒有把精力放在學習上,而是專注于網絡游戲或者校園戀愛。本來應該花在專業學習上的時間就這樣白白浪費了,社會實踐更是無從談起。
          現在人們普遍認為,目前唯一的出路是加強學校的管理并培養學生的能力。一方面,大學可以開設一些與就業相關的課程。另一方面,學生應該有更多的校外實習經驗。只有這樣,學生畢業時才能具備更多的實用技能,因而也不會對前途感到緊張和有壓力。
    Top 4:環境專題 押題統計:新東方、陳正康
    相關表述
    1、超載旅游黃金周       To solve the problems, the priority task, in my opinion, is to implement the paid leave system (帶薪休假制度), guaranteeing people’s legal rights to make flexible decisions of when to take vacation.
          要解決這些問題,我認為首要任務就是落實帶薪休假制度,確保人們靈活選擇何時休假的合法權利。
          Secondly, the tourism management of local governments requires big improvements. For example, emergency response plans and specific measures are needed to cope with the visitors flow.
          其次,地方政府的旅游管理水平有待大幅提高。比如,需要出臺應對游人數量的應急方案和具體措施。
    2、城市病       The unprecedented (空前的)expansion of cities undoubtedly leads to the excessive concentration of population, which in turn brings about a series of problems, such as environmental pollution, traffic jam, increased crimes and high housing prices.
          城市空前的擴張無疑造成人口的過度集中,這反過來又會產生一系列問題,如環境污染、交通堵塞、犯罪增多及高房價等。
          Therefore, the focus of urban authorities should be on consolidation and upgrading of urban infrastructure. Great attention should also be paid to develop a mechanism to monitor the carrying capacity of both resources and environment of cities to achieve urban layout optimization.
          因此,市政部門應關注城市基礎設施的整合和升級。還應該重點建立一種機制來監督城市資源和環境的承受能力,以達到城市布局最優化。
    3、垃圾分類       Worse still, in many places, waste is disposed of by burning, and burning the recyclable waste like plastics will give off toxic smoke which pollutes the air.
          更糟糕的是,在很多地方,垃圾是通過焚燒來處理的,而焚燒諸如塑料之類的可回收垃圾會釋放有毒氣體,污染空氣。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the drawing briefly,
          2) interpret its intended meaning, and
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          What is portrayed in the above cartoon is a megacity afflicted with so-called “urban disease” such as fog and haze, traffic congestion, high housing prices, water pollution and excessive garbage in the cities. The picture reveals the painter’s deep concern about the well-being of cities. We must admit that many cities are faced with the pressure brought onto resources and environment by overpopulation.
          Among all the factors that trigger urban diseases, rapid urbanization is the main reason . Rapid urbanization occurs when people move into cities at a rate that is faster than the development of infrastructure, such as power grids, sewer facilities, gas lines and roads. With infrastructure not in place, it is different to the point of impossibility for the cities to develop healthily. Another factor responsible for urban diseases is the accelerating urban sprawl (加速擴張)and unplanned development. The unprecedented expansion (空前的擴張)of cities undoubtedly leads to the excessive concentration of population, which in turn brings about a series of problems, such as environmental pollution, traffic jam, increased crimes and high housing prices. All of these problems are made worse when urban authorities are preoccupied with short-term growth of the cities.
          Therefore, the focus of urban authorities should be on consolidation and upgrading of urban infrastructure . Great attention should also be paid to developing a mechanism to monitor the carrying capacity of both resources and environment of cities to achieve urban layout optimization.
    精彩翻譯
          上面的漫畫描繪的是一個大城市受到霧霾、堵車、高房價、水污染、垃圾圍城等所謂“城市病”的折磨的景象。這幅漫畫表明了漫畫者對城市健康的深切擔憂。我們必須承認,許多城市面臨著人口過多帶來的資源和環境壓力。
          在所有引發城市病的因素中,快速城市化是罪魁禍首。當人們涌入城市的速度超過電網、排污設施、輸氣管道和道路等基礎設施建設的速度時,就會引發快速城市化。基礎設施不到位,城市就難以健康發展。造成城市病的另一因素是城市的加速擴張和無規劃發展。城市空前的擴張無疑造成人口的過度集中,這反過來又會產生一系列問題,如環境污染、交通堵塞、犯罪增多及高房價等,如果市政部門只著眼于城市的短期發展,所有這些問題將會惡化。
          因此,市政部門應關注城市基礎設施的整合和升級。還應該重點建立一種機制來監督城市資源和環境的承受能力,以達到城市布局最優化。
    Top 5:文化專題 押題統計:何凱文、張劍
    相關表述
    1、傳統文化       An individual or nation showing no respect for the essence of traditional culture cannot be expected to develop or become stronger. Hence, something could and should be done to reverse the inexorable decline (扭轉衰退)with the emphasis on Chinese traditional culture.
          一個不尊重傳統文化的個人或民族不可能發展壯大。因此,針對中國傳統文化,我們應該做些什么來扭轉其衰退。
          There is a tendency for many young people to take on western values and pursue consumerism (消費主義)and hedonism (享樂主義), yet at the same time, to abandon traditional values exemplified by diligence and self-discipline (自律).
          許多年輕人開始接受西方價值觀,追求消費主義和享樂主義,而同時放棄了以勤奮、自律為代表的傳統美德。
          Nevertheless, it is just these moral values, inherited and accumulated from generation to generation in Chinese people, that have helped main social stability and unify us as a nation.
          然而,正是這些中國人民祖祖輩輩傳承、積累下來的道德觀幫助我們維系著社會穩定、使我們團結成一個民族。
          Traditional Chinese culture should never be a relic of the past (歷史的遺跡), but be a living spiritual power that manifests in the lives of all Chinese people today.
          傳統中國文化永遠不應成為歷史的遺跡,而應成為一種鮮活的精神力量、體現在當今所有中國人的生命之中。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the drawing briefly,
          2) explain its intended meaning, and
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          From the cartoon given above,we can observe that there is an old man lying on bed with a board aside carved with Chinese characters “The Inheritor of Dark-red Enameled Pottery”. However, an announcement paper is in his mind, reading “The heritage should be passed down to others”.
          The cartoon reflects an interesting and common aspect in our daily life. However, from a deeper perspective, it also reveals the gradual loss of traditional culture in modern society. What exactly leads to this phenomenon? Possible reasons could be listed as follows: for one thing, quite a few people, especially youngsters, hold that Chinese traditional culture is out-dated and of little use in modern society. Perhaps, from their perspectives, traditional culture from the distant past can hardly adapt to (適應)or keep pace with (緊跟步伐)the ever-changing new world. Moreover, exotic cultures, to some extent, have also posed a great challenge to (構成挑戰)the traditional culture of China. As we can see, a large body of people have been attracted by foreign cultures which feature diversity, novelty, electronic products or even ways of life.
          However, no one can deny the significance of Chinese traditional culture which is the crystallization (結晶)of Chinese wisdom and civilization. An individual or nation showing no respect for the essence of traditional culture cannot be expected to develop or become stronger. Hence, something could and should be done to reverse the inexorable decline with the emphasis on Chinese traditional culture.
    精彩翻譯
          從上面的漫畫中我們可以看到,有一位老人躺在床上,旁邊的牌子上寫著漢字“紫砂藝術傳承人”。然而,在他的腦海里,有一個公告文件,上面寫著“重新選拔傳承人”。
          這部漫畫反映了我們日常生活中一個有趣而常見的現象。但從更深層次看,也揭示了現代社會中傳統文化的逐漸喪失。究竟是什么導致了這種現象呢?可能的原因可以列舉如下:一方面,不少人特別是年輕人認為中國傳統文化已經過時,在現代社會中用處不大。也許從他們的角度來看,古老的傳統文化很難適應或跟上不斷變化的新世界。而且,異國文化在一定程度上也對中國的傳統文化構成了巨大的挑戰。正如我們所看到的,大量的人被外來文化所吸引,這些文化具有多樣性,新穎性,電子產品乃至生活方式。
          但是,誰也不能否認中國傳統文化的意義,這是中國智慧和文明的結晶。一個不尊重傳統文化的個人或民族,不能發展或變得更強。因此,可以也必須要做點事來扭轉中國傳統文化的衰落。
    Top 6:人生哲理專題 押題統計:何凱文、陳正康
    相關表述
    1、堅持不懈       First of all, perseverance can help us carve out a way (殺出一條路)to success, although the way to success is bumpy (坎坷的)and full of inevitable setbacks.
          首先,堅持能幫助我們殺出一條通往成功的路,盡管這條路會坎坷,有著不可避免的挫折。
          When being caught in some troubles, we should bite the bullet (咬緊牙關)and stick to the belief, then our efforts and persistence will be rewarding. Just as what Benjamin Franklin once said, “Energy and persistence conquer all things.”
          當遇到困難時,我們應該咬緊牙關、堅持信念。我們的努力和堅持會是值得的。正如本杰明·富蘭克林所說:“能量和毅力可以征服一切。”
    2、拒絕舒適區、接受挑戰       They exert every effort (竭盡全力)to arrange everything for their children, depriving them of the opportunities to undergo frustration and ordeals and learn from them so that their grownup children cannot deal with the stress from the competitive world and even become the so-called “NEETs”(啃老族), or parent-dependents.
          他們竭盡全力地為孩子安排好一切,剝奪了他們經歷坎坷與磨難并從中學習的機會,以至于孩子長大成人后不能處理來自充滿競爭的世界的壓力。甚至成為所謂的“啃老族”(經濟上依靠父母的人)。
          For them, the home is their comfort zone, and the longer they stay here, the less likely they would be able to deal with life’s storms.
          對他們來說,家就是他們的舒適區,在那里待的時間越長,越不可能經受住生活中的暴風雨。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the drawing briefly,
          2) interpret its intended meaning, and
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          As is shown in the picture, a sailor is steering a ship in a calm sea, which definitely would not rouse his faculties and fortitude. That is why the caption reads “A smooth sea never makes a skilled sailor.” This drawing, in a straightforward way, warns us to be alert to our comfort zones and teaches us that adversity leads to competence.
          There is no denying the fact that it is rough times that make us grow faster. Unfortunately, many parents, particularly those in China, do not seem to realize this. They exert every effort (竭盡全力)to arrange everything for their children, depriving them of the opportunities to undergo frustration and ordeals (經歷挫折和磨難)and learn from them so that their grownup children cannot deal with the stress from the competitive world and even become the so-called “NEETs”,or parent-dependents. In addition, in today’s society there are lots of shut-ins, i.e.teenagers or young adults who shut themselves indoors all the time. For them, the home is their comfort zone, and the longer they stay there, the less likely they would be able to deal with life’s storms.
          Just as a saying goes, greenhouse flowers cannot survive the unpleasant weather outdoors. We should not be content with (滿足于)a life of ease. Instead we should be brave enough to take on new challenges to bring out the best in us.
    精彩翻譯
          如圖所示,一名水手駕著一只船在平靜的大海上航行。這當然不會激發出他的能力和堅忍的意志。這就是為什么圖片說明上寫著“平靜的水面練就不出強悍的水手”。這幅圖畫以直白的方式警告我們要對舒適區保持警惕,教育我們逆境出能力。
          不可否認,逆境會使我們成長得更快。不幸的是,許多父母,尤其是中國的父母,似乎沒有意識到這一點。他們竭盡全力地為孩子安排好一切,剝奪了他們經歷坎坷與磨難并從中學習的機會,以至于孩子長大成人后不能處理來自充滿競爭的世界的壓力,甚至成為所謂的“啃老族”(經濟上依靠父母的人)。另外,當今社會有許多宅男宅女,他們是一群把自己關在家里的青少年或者年輕人。對他們來說,家就是他們的舒適區,在那里待的時間越長,越不可能經受住生活中的暴風雨。
          常言道,溫室的花朵經不起外面的風雨。我們不應滿足于過一種安逸的生活,而應該勇于接受新的挑戰,以激發我們最大的潛能。
    Top 7:網絡科技專題 押題統計:陳正康
    相關表述
    1、紙質書與電子書       In recent years, with the popularity of electronic products such as iPad and smart phones, people’s reading habits have changed drastically.
          近年來,隨著平板電腦、智能手機等電子產品的普及,人們的閱讀習慣發生了巨變。
          After all, compared with paper books, e-books (電子書)are not only more portable, but also much cheaper.
          畢竟,與紙質書相比,電子書不僅方便攜帶,而且價格更加便宜。
          Moreover, a research shows that readers are easily distracted when they are reading e-books. Readers would find it more difficult to concentrate especially when the device is equipped with other apps like game apps.
          此外,還有研究表明,電子書很容易讓讀者分心,尤其是當閱讀設備上還裝有其他軟件如游戲軟件時,閱讀者更加難以集中精力。
    高分熱文
    Directions       Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should
          1) describe the picture briefly,
          2) interpret the intended meaning, and then
          3) give your comments.
          You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)
          In the picture, three paper books are angrily scolding an e-book for taking their jobs away. They want to make a clean break with it.
          The picture actually shows the change of people’s reading habits. In recent years, with the popularity of electronic products such as iPad and smart phones, people’s reading habits have changed drastically. More and more people prefer e-books to paper books when it comes to reading. After all, compared with paper books, e-books are not only more portable (便攜的), but also much cheaper.
          In my view, every coin has two sides, and e-books are no exception. E-books, though with lots of advantages, have their own disadvantages. For example, long time’s using of e-books is bad for people’s eyesight. Moreover, a research shows that readers are easily distracted when they are reading e-books. Readers would find it more difficult to concentrate especially when the device is equipped with other apps like game apps. Therefore, for those poor in self-discipline, I think paper books are more proper than e-books.
    精彩翻譯
          圖畫上,三本紙質書非常生氣地指責電子書導致它們失業了,它們要與電子書劃清界限。
          這幅畫面背后展示的其實是人們閱讀習慣的改變。近年來,隨著平板電腦、智能手機等電子產品的普及,人們的閱讀習慣發生了巨變。閱讀時越來越多的人選擇電子書而不是紙質書。畢竟,與紙質書相比,電子書不僅方便攜帶,而且價格更加便宜。
          在我看來,一切事物都有其兩面性,電子書也不例外。它雖有眾多優點,但也有弊端。比如,長時間使用電子書對視力不好。此外,還有研究表明,電子書很容易讓讀者分心。尤其是當閱讀設備上還裝有其他軟件如游戲軟件時,閱讀者更加難以集中注意力。因此,對于自控力較弱的人而言,我覺得紙質書比電子書更適合他們閱讀。
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